Type 3b curls are more voluminous and have a smaller circumference than Type 3a curls--the size of a Sharpie marker. Type 3b hair is not as shiny as Type 3a curls, and the texture can be coarse and dense.

  • Use an anti-humectant (humidity blocking) styling cream or styling milk for less frizz but more definition

  • Moisturize with lightweight but effective marula or sweet almond oil

  • Refresh with a hair milk or spray leave-in to moisturize medium to high porosity curls

  • Opt for a sulfate-free cleanser and silicone-free styler to encourage growth, prevent more dirt build-up, and ease the scalp cleansing process










Hair type refers to the amount of wave, curl, or coil in your hair. It is divided into 3 main hair type categories: Wavy Type 2, Curly Type 3, and Coily Type 4. Knowing your hair type will help you find the right products, styles, techniques, and care tips for your hair.

Porosity refers to how easily your hair is able to absorb and hold moisture. Knowing your hair porosity will help you choose the right products to keep your hair moisturized, strong and shiny.

Density refers to how closely individual strands of hair are packed together on your scalp. It ranges from low to high. Knowing your hair density will help you choose the right products and styles to maintain your hair's volume.

Hair width refers to the thickness of individual strands of hair, and can range from fine to coarse. Knowing your hair width can help you maintain the length and health of your hair.

In addition to your hair type, your hair length can determine which products you should use as well as how to apply them. It will also help you choose the best styles and tools to achieve the look you want.


Type 3c curls resemble tight corkscrews and are approximately the circumference of a pencil or straw. Type 3c hair tends to be higher in density and coarser than type 2 or 3 hair, giving it more volume. Type 3c curls are finer in texture, though packed tightly together on the head.


  • Gently enhance and safely stretch without heat using a twist-out, bantu-knot out, flexi rod set, or perm rod set

  • Use a medium hold botanical gel that isn't harsh but provides definition

  • Do a scalp massage after washing hair for natural volume lift while maintaining even curl pattern throughout

  • Deep condition once a week for 30 minutes to retain elasticity and moisture

Type 4a is tightly coiled hair that has an "S" pattern. It has more moisture than Type 4b coils and has a visible curl pattern. The circumference of the spirals is close to that of a crochet needle. The hair can be wiry or fine-textured. It is usually fragile with high density. Type 4a hair has fewer cuticle layers than other hair types, which means it has less natural protection from damage.



  • Co-wash with a moisturizing sulfate-free cleanser

  • Clarify your scalp with shampoos containing tea tree or jojoba oil

  • Use thicker natural emollients like mango and shea butters to maximize your wash-and-go, twist-out, or bantu knot-out style after washing


Type 4b strands have a "Z" shape and a less defined curl pattern. Instead of curling or coiling, the hair bends in sharp angles like the letter "Z." Type 4b hair is tightly coiled and can feel wiry to the touch. Type 4b hair can range from fine and thin to wiry and coarse with many strands packed densely together. This hairtype often experiences shrinkage up to 75% of its actual hair length. Type 4b coils can hold altered styles well in comparison to Types 2, 3, or 4a hair.


  • Practice the LOC or LCO Method to keep coils moisturized

  • Pre-poo with coconut oil or castor oil to help retain natural oils in your scalp

  • Create a heat-free style on stretched hair with perm rods, Curlformers, or flexi rods for maximum definiton and less frizz

  • Use a t-shirt or microfiber towel to dry hair after washing; terry cloth will strip its natural moisture and cause tension on the strands


Type 4c hair is composed of strands that will almost never clump without the use of styling techniques. Type 4c hair can range from fine, thin, soft to coarse with densely packed strands. Some say Type 4c coils look identical to 4b except that the curls are tightly kinked with less definition. Tighter coily hair can shrink more than 75%.


  • Use a creamy humectant as a leave-in to maximize protection from the elements

  • A curl defining custard or gelee can stretch the coil safely for twist-outs and braid-outs

  • Cover your hair at night with a silk or satin cap to protect your hair and prevent breakage

  • Use a detangling co-wash with slippery elm or marshmallow root



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